How to Replace the Belt on a 2002 Toyota Camry
The belt on the 2002 Toyota Camry is what is known as a serpentine belt. The serpentine belt is a single belt that controls all of the accessory pulleys on the front of the engine. The serpentine belt on the 2002 Toyota Camry has to be installed correctly or it will cause the accessory pulleys to run backward, causing significant damage to the engine. You can replace the serpentine belt on the 2002 Toyota Camry in a half an hour or less.
- Moderately Easy
- Jack stands
- Socket set
- New belt
Open the hood of the car. Jack the car and place the jack stands behind each front tire under the side frame of the car. There is a designated area behind each front tire for the jack stands to be placed. Release the jack so that the car is resting securely and evenly on the jack stands.
Remove the plastic shield from under the front of the engine. This shield protects debris from coming up and damaging any of the parts in the engine compartment. Use a ratchet and a socket to remove the bolts that are holding the plastic shield on.
Locate the serpentine belt-routing diagram on top of the fan shroud. There will be a picture of the serpentine belt being routed across all of the pulleys. This is the guide for properly routing the new belt across the pulleys. If there is not a belt-routing diagram, take a pen and notepad and draw out the exact routing of the belts across all of the pulleys.
Locate the belt tensioner on the front of the engine. The belt tensioner is in the center directly to the right of the power-steering pump and directly above the crankshaft pulley. The tensioner holds the tension on the serpentine belt.
Relieve the tension from the belt tensioner by putting the 19mm socket and ratchet onto the bolt head in the center of the belt tensioner. Rotate the belt tensioner counterclockwise by pushing the ratchet toward the windshield of the car. Once you have the tension relieved off the belt, take your other hand and slide the belt off the top of the belt tensioner.
Release the belt tensioner so that it comes back to rest in its normal position. Finish removing the serpentine belt from the rest of the pulleys. Set the belt to the side.
Take the new belt under the front side of the car and start by putting the belt around the crankshaft pulley first. Then, follow the belt routing diagram for routing the belt across the remaining pulleys. making sure to leave the belt tensoner pulley for last.
Put the ratchet with the 19mm socket back on the belt tensioner and turn the belt tensioner counterclockwise once again so that you can slide the belt across the top of the tensioner. With your free hand, slide the serpentine belt across the top of the belt tensioner so that the belt is evenly on top of the tensioner. Then, release the tensioner. The tensioner will then put the proper amount of tension on the new belt. Inspect to make sure that the belt is seated in all of the pulleys, as directed by the belt-routing diagram.
Crank the engine and inspect the belt again to make sure that the belt is staying inside of each one of the pulleys. Then, turn off the engine.
Reinstall the bottom plastic shield with the ratchet and socket. Shut the hood. Then, jack the car back up and remove the jack stands. Let the car back down.